What Does a Dog Dermatologist Do?

What Does a Dog Dermatologist Do?

What Does a Dog Dermatologist Do?


What Does a Dog Dermatologist Do?

The skin is the first line of defense against bacteria, viruses, moisture, and heat. It also helps regulate body temperature and allows humans to sense heat, cold, and touch. When humans have skin problems, they seek advice from a dermatologist. 

Dogs and other pets, just like humans, suffer from skin problems, which also necessitate the services of a dermatologist. A dog dermatologist is a veterinarian with expertise in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of animal skin, ears, hair, and nails. Most dog dermatologists are also trained in the diagnosis and treatment of allergies, parasitic skin diseases, auto-immune diseases, and the recognition of skin manifestations of systemic diseases. 

Common Symptoms of Skin Irritation

The symptoms of skin irritation will alert you to the possibility of a problem with your dog's skin. The most common ones include: 

  • A dull or greasy coat.

  • Hair thinning.

  • Red, watery eyes.

  • Redness of the skin.

  • Scabbed, scaly, or flaky skin.

  • Sore or swollen areas on the skin.

When Should You Consult a Dog Dermatologist?

The following are indications that you should consult a dog dermatologist:

  • Excessive scratching or licking.

  • Obsessive biting or chewing of the skin.

  • If your dog has a foul odor.

  • If your dog has strange bumps or lumps on its skin.

  • If your pet is constantly tilting its head or pawing at its ear.

  • In case of ear infections or inflammation.

  • Skin parasites.

  • Toenail problems.

  • Repeated rubbing of the face and ears.

  • If your pet constantly scoots or rubs against your carpet or other surfaces.

  • Red irritated skin or sores.

  • If your pet has a loss of fur.

What Causes Skin Problems in Dogs?

Many substances in your pet's environment (such as chemicals found in cleaning products) might cause them to develop skin problems owing to allergic reactions. Other pets' skin may become itchy, painful, or uncomfortable as a result of responses to some pet food components, parasites, or underlying health concerns. 

Other causes of skin problems in dogs include environmental allergies, bites from parasites such as fleas and ticks, hives, ear mites, fungal infections like yeast, food allergies, and bacterial infections.


First, the dermatologist will need to examine your pet. The approach to skin disease diagnosis is based on getting a full history and a thorough physical and dermatological examination. The evaluation provides valuable information that leads to the investigation. Specific testing and, on occasion, treatment trials are also carried out.

Veterinary dermatologists utilize topical, injectable, or internal drugs, as well as dermatologic surgical techniques such as skin biopsy. In addition, they may use cryosurgery, laser surgery, nail surgery, and excisional surgery. Lastly, ensure you talk to your vet about prevention measures and how you can care for your pet.

When you see indications of irritation on your pet's skin, consult with a veterinarian dermatologist so they can examine the pet to identify the best course of action.

To know more about dog dermatology, visit Brekke Veterinary Clinic at our office in Castle Rock, Colorado. You can also call 303-474-4260 to book an appointment today.